Today in the Old West May 18

Discussion in 'General Discussion' started by Scaramouche, May 18, 2019.

  1. Scaramouche

    Scaramouche Student of the Columbian Exchange Supporting Addict

    Sep 15, 2015
    The Warren Wagon Train Raid, also known as the Salt Creek Massacre, occurred on May 18, 1871. Fort Richardson, Fort Griffin, and Fort Concho. Traveling down the Jacksboro-Belknap road heading towards William Tecumseh Sherman. Less than an hour after encountering the famous General, they spotted a rather large group of riders ahead. They quickly realized that these were Native American warriors, when Col. Ranald S. Mackenzie learned of the incident, he informed Sherman. Sherman and Mackenzie searched for the warriors responsible for the raid. In the end, 3 of the 4 war leaders involved were arrested at Fort Sill: tried and convicted of murder.

    th.jpg
    Gen. William Tecumseh Sherman

    220px-RSMackenzie.jpg
    Col. Ranald S. MacKenzie, considered the most promising officer in the U.S. Army by U.S. Grant during the Civil War, he ended up probably the best front line fighting officer during the Indian Campaigns, wounded seven times and beat the best that the Cheyenne could throw at him, he wore out the Kiowa and Comanche.


    The ambush had been planned by a large band of Kiowa warriors under the leadership of Satanta, Big Tree, Satank, and Eagle Heart. Hidden in a thicket of scrub in the Salt Creek Prairie, they observed the slow approach of several wagons accompanied by 17 Buffalo soldiers of the 10th Cavalry Regiment, the black troopers. Relatively easy pickings, but no one moved. The previous night, a shaman had prophesied that this small party would be followed by a larger one with more plunder for the taking. The braves were rewarded three hours later when 10 mule-drawn wagons filled with army corn and fodder trundled into view. The Kiowa attacked and quickly overwhelmed this convoy. Seven muleskinners were killed, while five managed to escape. The warriors lost three of their own, but left with 41 mules heavily laden with supplies. It was well after dark before the white survivors reached the nearby Fort Richardson and told their harrowing tale to the very officer whose party had passed unharmed under the Kiowa guns, William Tecumseh Sherman. He ordered the arrests of the Indian war chiefs, and had them sent to the fort. Satank was killed in the train as he tried to escape the column of United States soldiers. The rest were tried in the first Indian trial in history. Satanta and Big Tree were convicted of murder.


    00134065.jpg
    Satanta, Kiowa War Chief

    330px-Big_Tree_the_Kiowa_83d40m_Addoeette_Adoeette_p2fxsharp.jpg
    Big Tree (passed away in 1929)

    William_S._Soule_-_Satank_(SPC_BAE_3912-B_Vol_1_01158500).jpg
    Satank or Sitting Bear

    Warren_Wagon_Train_Massacre_Texas_Historical_Marker.jpg


    warren-wagontrain-raid-marker3.jpg

     
  2. 41 Charlie

    41 Charlie Get off my lawn...

    Feb 4, 2014
    Thanks for the lesson, brother! ALWAYS Appreciated!
     

  3. isialk

    isialk Well-Known Member Supporting Addict

    Jan 7, 2017
    Excellent history lesson! Thanks scaramouche!


    Sent from my iPhone using Tapatalk
     

You need 3 posts to add links to your posts! This is used to prevent spam.

Verification:
Draft saved Draft deleted